ConDev Transformative Solutions (TS) Grant winner Grant Gordon and his team successfully completed a study on “Payment and Predation: The Politics of Wages and Violence in the Congolese Army.” He subsequently presented the results at the Research for Peace conference in Stockholm.

In fragile states, regimes must cultivate military forces strong enough to ward off external threats but loyal enough to resist launching a coup. This requires that leaders distinguish the loyal from the untrustworthy—a particularly challenging exercise in post-conflict settings with weak institutions. This study explores how Congolese soldiers operating in North Kivu, the largest operational theater in the Democratic Republic of Congo and the epicenter of one of the most violent conflicts in Africa, solve this crucial problem.

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